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The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)
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Old 12-01-15, 17:09   #1
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The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

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My parents (Brierleys) holidayed in Australia about 15 yrs ago and met a couple living over there who shared same surname. Don't think we are related but my parents brought home 4 sheets of A4 with account of the Australians family from around here @ 1890 because they thought I would find it interesting.
Thought others may do so too.

.....

Account of the Brierleys at Tenterheads, Cowpe (circa 1890)
by Mrs E.B. Clayton (Jan. 1987) transcribed by G. Boocock (April 1987)
Material in brackets ( ) inserted by Myles Brierley (May 1987)

Mr & Mrs Brierley (James Brierley 1810 - 27.06.1880) lived in Intack. They had a farm. They brewed beer as well as farming.(The farm was a stopping post for lime gals (ponies) carrying lime from Clitheroe in the Ribble Valley to Rochdale. Here they would stay for the night with refreshment for man and beast. It was a lively place. When I was a youngster we had a poker reputed to have come from Intack with a forged knob for a handle. The shank was about 1/2" diameter, as I knew it. It was about 16" long and had been burnt away to a point because it had regularly kept in the fire to be used in case of trouble on the unruly drovers. A truly handy weapon)
Now they had six children, all boys : Moses, James, John, Samuel, Abel and Joe.
James worked in the quarry and Moses was served his apprenticeship at Dearne's mill (Kearn's dye works) Cowpe, as a blacksmith. But in later years he was a good blacksmith, also a builder and a borer for water and felling of mill chimneys and he drained the churchyard at Newchurch church (St. Nicholas) and for this they allowed him to make his own vault. It is big and holds three abreast but only Brierleys can go in, but is now full, room for no more.
He (Moses Brierley 1839 - 1909) married Sarah Ann Howarth (1833 - 1922) She was born at Newchurch but her mother came from Whitehaven.

Moses built the house up Tenterheads (which were to the same plans as Abel used at Pleasant View, Blackwood, Stacksteads) and he had seven children : Moses, Job, Jim, Robert, Elizabeth, Dorothy and Emma (ie Moses, Job, James, Emma Jane, Dorothy Alice, Elizabeth Ann and Robinson). The boys worked with their father Moses. Elizabeth was a weaver, Dorothy worked as a barmaid and Emma worked for her father , keeping his books and looking after his property. He (Moses) could not write his name but when he was putting down the men's time he made a square and if they had worked all day it was a fully-filled square, if half a day a half-filled square and if less than half a day a quarter-filled square and that was how he reckoned up their wages. He was very clever and Emma taught him how to write his name when she old enough. He also kept pigs and they were a special breed and when the pig had a litter men used to come for them because they were special.

Moses was my grandfatherand he used to take us to watch when he was felling a chimney. We enjoyed that. He built a number of rows of cottages and they are still standing now after 100 years so that must be good testimony . Now when we had a pig killikng we also had a good feed - black dish, sausages and black pudding and Grandma used to send some of the black dish down to the poor people at Hugh Mill (a small district on the way to Waterfoot) and they enjoyed it. She was a good woman and when she died they were all sorry (1833 - 1922) Grandad died (1839 - 1909) when I was young . I remember the funeral - four horses pulled the hearse and black plumes on their heads and lovely harness. He was buried in the vault he had helped to make, with his father and mother and some of his brothers and their wives - and Grandma also when she died.

Now when they lived at Intack they used to get their coal out of a pit they had somewhere between Intack and the Bone house - this was the name of another farm near Intack (a farm on a cart track leading from Intack to the site of a later colliery - Brandwood Moor colliery worked by the Brierley family). When I was in my teens I remember a coal strike and my uncle, my mothers brother, going up to the pit and getting some coal but his sister said she did not like him going up there as it was a long time since it was used - the pit- but he got some and it was very good and helped them to have a fire as we had no gas or electric in those days (The so-called pit is a 'drift mine' which is a tunnel driven into the hill side and in this instance is situated across Rooley Moor road, almost opposite to Intack farm) But there is coal on the moor, Rooley Moor, but not in deep pits. (It is a soft type of fuel ideally suited for firing industrial furnaces).
My Grandad was one who bored for water for the (Bacup Corporation) reservoir up Cowpe and my mother's brother (Robin) used to be caretaker of it when I was in my teens ( I remember many occasions going with my father on a Sunday afternoon to visit the reservoir when some special work was under way.Afterwards we would visit the caretakers office where I was given milk and biscuits and my father something stronger. My father was at that time the chairman of the Bacup Waterworks committee.)
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Old 12-01-15, 22:01   #2
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

thanks. have the full transcript. They are obviously decendents of the colliery owners from the 1800s. Think they first came over from rochdale. They ran at least 2 collieries on brandwood moor till 1912. Moses ran greave briefly in 1903 ish
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Old 12-01-15, 22:55   #3
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

^
Pleasure.
Still typing the remainder (I am not the greatest with a keyboard !)
Figured it may mean something to someone looking at this site.
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Old 12-01-15, 23:00   #4
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

Continued..

Now Emma was my mother (nee Brierley) and she used to tell me about the things that happened when she was young. She used to take us to see some relatives at Whitworth and I think my Grandad came from that way. We are not so sure where he came from (James Brierlley , her great grandfather, came from Shortland, Rochdale which is situated on the Rochdale end of Rooley Moor road )

Now some people called Rankine came from Scotland and used to have the (Royal) hotel in Waterfoot, one at Newchurch (Volunteer -my father, John was born at this hotel in 1861), one at Stacksteads and one in Rochdale. They had six children and my mother married one of them, William, who was a fitter at Howard & Bullough's of Accrington. He used to go abroad a lot.He went to different countries, sometimes for two years at a time, so we did not see much of him but he was very clever and a good workman. He was keeping company with my mother's sister but she died so he married my mother and we lived with my Grandma and Grandad and had a happy childhood.

(will get some more copied tomorrow - did try to scan and download as attachment, but my capabilities floundered !!)

Last edited by Laurieloo : 12-01-15 at 23:08.
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Old 13-01-15, 18:16   #5
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

Its Spotland, and it covered quite an area.
A man named Brierley, miner at Spotland, gets a mention in the 1842 report into child labour in the mines. It's not a very favorable one i'm afraid. He beat a young apprentice very badly. The aprentices and boys were beaten on a regular basis so for it to get a mention it must have been bad.

I don't know if it's the same branch of the family that came over to Rooley moor, or another branch suppose it's not the kind of thing you broadcast. Looking at accident reports there were many Brierlys still in the Rochdale area, some of whom were either killed or injured in the mines.

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Old 14-01-15, 17:12   #6
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

^
Yes I guessed she may have meant Spotland.
I have copied exactly as transcribed.
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Old 14-01-15, 17:14   #7
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

Continued ...

At Christmas time the Brierley brothers used to keep the week between Christmas and New Year as a holiday and went to each of the houses to have parties and they used to take their violins as they were good players. ( One of the brothers was known locally as "Fiddler" Was it Abel ? who when he went to collect accounts, he took his fiddle with him and entertained his clients in the local pubs.) My mother said it was nice but a lot of work getting the parties ready - but it was their way and they enjoyed it.

Tenterheads is in Cowpe and was a small village in those days and my Grandad and his sons helped to build the estate next to the small church which was used as a day school as well and is still used for Sunday worship. I was brought up there - day school and Sunday school - and we were all taught how to read and write and do arithmetic and we could before we left school. We had a good headmistress, Mrs Hargreaves, and she did not turn out any dunces. If we did not do as she said we did get the cane but it did us no harm. In those days there was a quarry up on Cowpe Law and they had a railway and a little engine that took stone from Cowpe down to Cloughfold . We liked watching it. We could see it on the hill top from our house but it is not there now and all the old paths we used to walk are covered over with grass.

I don't think there was any coal pits on that side (of the valley) - it was more over Stacksteads way and Bacup, unless people were getting coal and not telling about it. There was a mine ran from Bacup to Whitewell Bottom belonging to the Boltons , who lived in Newchurch but that is closed now. (? It is now owned by The National Coal Board and still operates in a small way, the coal being delivered to the Whitewell bottom end.) Some people did know where they could get coal and they did not tell us so I suppose there is coal in the region but Stacksteads and Black Wood is the place where it was mined but it was not deep mines. (Bolton's Hill Colliery , delivering at Shed End Booth Road, Stacksteads & Brandwood Moor Colliery (Brierley's) delivering at Blackwood) (They are not deep mines but are shallow tunnels into the hillside, near the surface, the correct name is drift mine)

Over Rooley Moor (starting near Intake Farm) there is a road paved with stone. It was made during the cotton strike (It was sponsored by the Corporation of Bacup and local industrialists, mainly cotton spinners and weavers. An interesting story is told that when one of the sponsors was paying a visit to assess the progress, he spoke to a work man who was standing idle and asked if he had a shovel, to which he replied 'No, but when you have gone there will be plenty to spare') I think the Corporation found work for some men, who were out of work, making this road. I don't know where it was supposed to reach but it does not come out to the Intack or where the Intack was. If it had, the road from Rochdale to Cowpe or Waterfoot would have been a good road. (For some reason I don't know this road, just beyond Intake, where a spur goes off to the high level reservoir , is in a shocking state and not suitable for mechanical traffic. Beyond it is not too bad but an awful bumpy ride) We used to walk from our house to Rochdale over the moors and it was a lovely walk and we enjoyed it. Another farm near Intack was 'Top Of The Height' and I think that it is still there - yet I may be wrong.

I think it was James Brierley who had a farm near the Bone House and was going to scythe the grass but it was a storm on and his wife told him not to go but he went - but he was not long - the lightening took the scythe out of his hand.
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Old 14-01-15, 19:41   #8
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

Quote:
Originally Posted by Laurieloo View Post
Another farm near Intack was 'Top Of The Height' and I think that it is still there - yet I may be wrong.
Top o' th' Height farm is still there - it is at the top of Rakehead Lane where the road becomes Rooley Moor Road.

Quote:
Over Rooley Moor (starting near Intake Farm) there is a road paved with stone.
There are a lot paved section of Rooley Moor Road, starting at Top o' th' Height and going over the top of the Moor (made from Haslingden Flagstone). From the top of the Moor down to Catley Lane Head at Rochdale is the section known as "Cotton Famine Road" which has large sections layed in stone sets and was part of a public works scheme to create jobs for the starving cotton workers of East Lancashire when the cotton mills were closed because of a shortage of cotton due the American Civil War 1861-1865. ( Lancashire Cotton Famine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia )
There are many photos of the road on Google Earth.
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Old 14-01-15, 19:46   #9
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Re: The Brierleys at Tenterheads Cowpe (circa 1890)

CONTINUED ..

My Grandad (Moses Brierley) bought the land up Tenterheads to build a brick kiln but when he started he found the clay was not as good as he thought so he gave the kiln up and built a house for a public house but my Grandma did not want to go in that business. She had tried at Glen House but did not like it. So Grandad gave up the idea and built five houses. Some of the bricks have his name on or so my mother told me. (This is interesting . I have in my possession a brick with J. Brierley & Son embossed in the frog and was supposedly made at Brandwood Moor Colliery by John Brierley - did John Brierley take over the colliery from James Brierley and then on his death be passed on to Abel Brierley ? This has been elucidated and will be dealt with at some future time) On the front of the house a large well and at the top of the five houses is another well for the four but the big well was for the first house and across the back he built the pig sties and they were good buildings and he was very proud of his pigs.

Now his brother was called John and he lived at Cemetery Lane , Stacksteads (known locally as 'Poker Row' because when the rent man called at the first house, they banged on the back of the fire to warn the neighbour, and as this went from house to house the rent man had a poor collection because they all locked their doors) I don't know what he worked at but his daughters , Hannah and Elizabeth, were weavers and Sarah Jane worked for Bacup Co-shop as a dressmaker. Now his wife was called , I think, Mary. Well John was one day having his Sunday dinner and then he used to go and sit down on a form in the entrance to the cemetery and have a sleep. Well this he did as usual but he slept and he did not wake up. He died - a shock for his wife !

Now my mother's cousin was John, your[*] father, and he became mayor of Bacup. My mother and your Dad were very good friends. They were both interested in the affairs of the Borough. If my mother was in need of advice about the property she looked after she went to your Dad for help.[*] Myles Hardman Brierley's father

I remember a lot of things that happened when I was young, but as they say, little pigs have big ears and I used to listen. Some things were good , some were bad but that's life I suppose.

-- Thank you , Geoffrey , for the paper. I can read it and understand some of it but can't help much with the coal pits. (information about these is now available and will be given later ) I know one of Grandad's brother's boys used to work for Bolton's carrying coal from Whitewell Bottom to the houses with horse and cart...


And this is where my copy of the transcript ends.
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